Cardo & Decumanus

The idea of a grid as a system for planning can be traced back to the Ancient Romans. When the Romans set out to build a new castrum in a land that they had conquered, they would typically start out with a strategic center point from which they would establish two main roads, a Cardo (North- South) and a Decumanus (East West). These two streets served as the main two streets that would then expand into a grid that will eventually become many of the European cities that we know and love.

This concept became deeply engrained in European city and town planning and eventually colonial America. Therefore it is no surprise that the two main streets in Orwigsburg are a true Cardo (Warren Street) and Decumanus (Market Street). It is also highly appropriate that the first Schuylkill County Courthouse be built on a lot at the intersection of these streets facing a beautiful town square.

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